The second largest country in the world by area, with land stretching “From sea to sea”; from the North Pacific Ocean in the west, the northern North Atlantic ocean in the east and the Arctic ocean in the North, Canada forms about 41% of the North American Continent, with more than 80% of land that’s uninhabited. In the common-world, where we are crying out loud to save the Nature and Mother Earth, this country harvests the most difficult and uninhabited form of the virgin forests. The wilderness of the country can be accounted by the fact that, out of 36 million people living in Canada, just one million lives in more than 80% of the land. More than 90% of people have taken their shelter in the south most 160KMs stretch. Here is a look at Canada’s wilderness.
Why the Wilderness?
The primary reason why most of Canada is wilderness is about agriculture, and the most arable lands with least cold climate are the southernmost parts. It is this intensive agricultural practice that leads to most of the settlements taking place in the south, leaving the north untouched. The permafrost in the north makes life difficult. It is difficult to establish buildings other utilities in this region. Most of the land is the boreal forest, which is habitable but not arable, and hence again agricultural practices can’t take place. Owing to the larger areas with dense Tundra Forest, the communication and mobility are not very well established. It is difficult to build roads as it is land with the highest number of lakes in the world which come in the way. All these are Prima-facto to Canada’s wilderness.
The problem is not just the forest, but also its “inhabitants”. Huge variety of wild animals live in this part of the world, and you are planning to explore this part of nature, be prepared for the unexpected. Wild Bears that are found everywhere are the major population there. Polar bears in the North are other common things, which are endangered species in other parts of the world. Besides these, this land is the last refuge of most endangered species in the world.
Deforestation and Its effects:
Over the years, deforestation has taken its toll on the wilderness. Within a generation gap, huge areas, over one-third of the total forest area was converted to land for other use. While deforestation rates in other parts of the world are much higher than the rate here, doesn’t mean that we are safe. Canada acquires over 9% of world’s total forest area, and if this land is lost, it might lead to doubling of the carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere over the coming 50 years.
The vast span of wilderness with the mitigating climatic conditions and the biodiversity Canada offers makes life difficult but adventurous. It is a perfect place for those who love the nature’s womb. Saving this wilderness at our best should be our primary goal because this wilderness is our last resort to life.