The second largest country in the world by area, with land stretching “From sea to sea”; from the North Pacific Ocean in the west, the northern North Atlantic ocean in the east and the Arctic ocean in the North, Canada forms about 41% of the North American Continent, with more than 80% of land that’s uninhabited. In the common-world, where we are crying out loud to save the Nature and Mother Earth, this country harvests the most difficult and uninhabited form of the virgin forests. The wilderness of the country can be accounted by the fact that, out of 36 million people living in Canada, just one million lives in more than 80% of the land. More than 90% of people have taken their shelter in the south most 160KMs stretch. Here is a look at Canada’s wilderness.
Why the Wilderness?
The primary reason why most of Canada is wilderness is about agriculture, and the most arable lands with least cold climate are the southernmost parts. It is this intensive agricultural practice that leads to most of the settlements taking place in the south, leaving the north untouched. The permafrost in the north makes life difficult. It is difficult to establish buildings other utilities in this region. Most of the land is the boreal forest, which is habitable but not arable, and hence again agricultural practices can’t take place. Owing to the larger areas with dense Tundra Forest, the communication and mobility are not very well established. It is difficult to build roads as it is land with the highest number of lakes in the world which come in the way. All these are Prima-facto to Canada’s wilderness.
The problem is not just the forest, but also its “inhabitants”. Huge variety of wild animals live in this part of the world, and you are planning to explore this part of nature, be prepared for the unexpected. Wild Bears that are found everywhere are the major population there. Polar bears in the North are other common things, which are endangered species in other parts of the world. Besides these, this land is the last refuge of most endangered species in the world.
Deforestation and Its effects:
Over the years, deforestation has taken its toll on the wilderness. Within a generation gap, huge areas, over one-third of the total forest area was converted to land for other use. While deforestation rates in other parts of the world are much higher than the rate here, doesn’t mean that we are safe. Canada acquires over 9% of world’s total forest area, and if this land is lost, it might lead to doubling of the carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere over the coming 50 years.
The vast span of wilderness with the mitigating climatic conditions and the biodiversity Canada offers makes life difficult but adventurous. It is a perfect place for those who love the nature’s womb. Saving this wilderness at our best should be our primary goal because this wilderness is our last resort to life.
The World Wildlife Foundation is one of the largest conservation advocacy organizations in the world, they have been hard at work championing the cause of environmentalism since 1961. They continually strive to bring awareness to the degradation of our natural environment and encourage people to try and live in harmony with nature. They have chosen to focus their efforts in these two primary areas:
Sustainability – they work towards reducing the impact of humans and our depletion of natural resources.
The foundation works globally to bring awareness about environmental issue, in doing so they concentrate their efforts in the following areas; climate change, water, oceans, forests, animals and food sources. They see the causes of our life threatening coming from market demand, the financial sectors and poor governance. Their ultimate goal is to put pressure on those with the ability to change the situation. This is the type of situation that the World Wildlife Foundation wants to avoid.
The World Wildlife Foundation can’t do this all on their own, an undertaking this big takes a lot of cooperation with organizations with the same or similar goals. That means that the foundation will work with the global business community, local and federal governments, NGO’s, financial institutions, conservation agencies along with various universities. Partnering with others allows them to broaden their reach and facilitate change on a global scale.
The Problems We Face
The world is filled with an interconnected array of ecosystems and habitats that support human life, this is where we get clean air, water to drink along with food, shelter and medicine. Human beings as a species cannot survive without them. The problem comes when we use more than the earth can produce to sustain us. This is causing global climate change and we are already feeling it. If something isn’t done then things will get significantly worse.
The organization wants to ensure that the ecosystems on land and in our oceans continue to be productive and biodiversity thrives. They want to ensure that endangered species all over the world are protected and can continue to live in the wild, the forests that we depend on to breathe are maintained. Clean water is a must for all life and that needs to be secured for future generations to come. These are lofty goals but if we want our children and grandchildren to have a future then something must be done.
Wildlife conservation is an intentional effort to protect endangered species, both animals and plants, including the natural habitats as well. Conserving our natural habitats will ensure that the future will be enjoyable both for wildlife and humans alike. The term ‘wildlife’ doesn’t necessarily mean wild animals only all forms of undomesticated life, including plants, birds and even bacteria. In order to create a perfect balance in the ecosystem and the earth, it is very important that we conserve the wildlife. There are a million reasons why we should conserve our wildlife, we have listed 5 of the these reasons. They include:
1. Medicinal Value
A lot of of medicines we use on a day to day basis are made from juices extracted from plant species. Some of the common meds will include aspirin, morphine, penicillin among many others. Animals also are known for producing important components that could be used for medicinal purposes. For example, a cobra’s venom is used as an ingredient in making a cure for leprosy while lobsters are used as anti-fungals.
2. Pollination and farming
Small animals like bees and birds depend on nectar from plants’ flowers. In return they help will pollinating these plants and thus keep the processes going. These bees, birds and small insect do this by carrying the pollen grains from one plant to the next. The process of pollination is the basis of crop production. Therefore, these animals are very important to human survival and should be conserved as well. Here is why bees are so important.
3. Tourism Attraction and Recreation
Safaris, nature walks, fishing and even bird watching are always an awesome pass-time activities. Anyone who enjoys these activities should be very wary and conserve the environment. Drying lakes have led to the reduction in the number of flamingos and other lake dependant animals. Conserving rivers will ensure that trees and forests continue to thrive and we will continue enjoying those relaxing nature walks and bird watching.
A lot of species interdependant on each other through the food webs or food chains. If one species becomes extinct, there is the risk of losing several other species down the food chain. To maintain the this biodiversity, it is therefore very important that we conserve the wildlife. The least important animals or plants to humans will be the most important source of survival for another species that is important to us.
5. Healthy Ecosystem
Plants give out oxygen that is very ideal for human survival. Micro=organisms ensure that the soil remains fertile for agricultural with worms replenishing the soil nutrients. Hawks and other scavenger birds get rid of the dead carcasses and thus helping keep our environment clean and healthy.
Every hunter remembers their first hunt, the cool air early in the morning. The sound of forest animals waking up and the birds chirping at first light, along with the excitement that you felt waiting for your first deer to make an appearance. While we don’t have to hunt for food any longer, hunting remains a tradition that goes back to the dawn of time. The question is now in this modern world how to protect hunting traditions for future generations.
What does it mean to hunt?
The hunting community is a large one and contributes huge numbers to the economy. To be a hunter is more than just getting up at the crack of dawn to sit in a tree blind. Hunters are more responsible than that and are concerned with the environment and the animal populations. They understand the need for balance and harmony in nature.
Hunting has a long history, while it was originally used to find food, and there is no feeling like knowing that you can provide food for your family. Hunting for population control goes all the way back to 1646 and the settlers in New England. Today hunting get its fair share of bad press from animal rights groups and environmentalists.
The future of hunting
Where does the future of hunting lie and how do we protect those traditions? Slowly people have migrated to cities from the countryside and spend less time in the wilderness. The onus is on the hunter to pass down the tradition, to teach their children how to hunt and the principals of conservation. We need to pass on the beloved sport and understand how to successfully manage populations, be it deer or some other type of game.
We need to overcome the practical barrier of living in a city while traveling to the open spaces to effects of overpopulation. We need to pass on the lessons that our parents and grandparents taught us about responsible hunting and what it means to find your own food. We need to understand that for thousands of generations that hunting was a way of life and to appreciate what it gave us. Hunting is what developed our reasoning and problem solving skills when man first evolved. Hunting is not just a sport, but a means of survival.
Hunting is also a valuable life skill that our children can use, not only can they feed themselves they have a better understanding of the environment and what it takes to be a good hunter.